Types of growing media

VARIOUS TYPES OF GROWING MEDIA FOR GROWING PLANTS

Now day’s people are looking for the best types of growing media for their plants. It is due to people become more conscious while selecting the growing media for their plants. The reason is simple every one curious about the health of the plants.

Importance of the growing media

The growth of the plants influenced by many factors, growing media is one of them. Growing media plays an important role in the growth and development of plants. The production and health of the plant are dependent on the growing media. Media also play an important role in the disease management of the plant. Many disease-causing pathogens found in plants come from the media.  Sterilized media free from pathogenic spores of the disease is essential for plant health. First, we discuss the functions and qualities of the best Growing media. After that, we discuss the types of growing media. Without further delay let’s jump over the Growing media

What is the growing media?

Growing media is a nutritious substrate in which plant anchor and gives support to the plant. The plant develops roots in the Growing media and also gets essential nutrients from this.

For example, crops grow on the soil and soil is the growing medium. If flowering plants grow in peat moss in the pot the peat moss is the medium.

Different types of growing media are available in the market. You go into the market for purchasing Growing media for your plants. You become confused when everyone is claiming my Growing media is the best for your plants. They have different types of ingredients but they are all not good for your plants. The thing is what are the criteria for judging the growing media for your plants?

Characteristics of a good growing media

  1. Growing media should be nutritive
  2. Growing media should be sterilized
  3. Growing media should be low in weight
  4. Growing media should have a pH of 5.5-6.5
  5. Growing media should be loose and porous
  6. Growing media should not shrink nor expand
  7. Growing media should have optimum fertility
  8. Growing media should act as a buffer solution
  9. The plant should anchor its root into the Growing media
  10. Growing media should have good water holding capacity
  11. Growing media should be easily available and economical
  12. Growing media should be free from diseases and pathogen
  13. Growing media should have an adequate quantity of organic matter

These are the different characteristics of growing media. One can keep these characteristics in his mind before selecting growing media for his plant.

After discussing the characteristics of good media, now we are going to educate you about different types of growing media. We make a list of growing media. Let’s discuss the first one

DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROWING MEDIA

There are various kinds of the growing media for horticultural plants. Some best option are given blow.

Peat Moss

Peat moss is a decomposed product of the submerged and bogs soil of sphagnum family plants. It is formed in low and wetland areas of the northern hemisphere. The major parts of the peat moss producing regions of the world are Canada, northern Europe and northern Siberia. Plants of the sphagnum family remain in the water for many years.

Accumulation of sphagnum in the wetland is taking place. Because of the poor drainage, small and big wetlands are formed. Due to a very low temperature in these wetlands, the low pH of peat sphagnum is formed. Peat moss has the ability to restore 16-26 times more water in its cell.

Pros of the peat moss

Peat moss has good water retention capacity. It is a good source of organic matter which improves the structure of the soil. Peat most work as a curator of your bad structure sandy soils. Due to high porosity, it improves the clayey soils. Sphagnum peat moss has a high buffer capacity that’s tolerated and resists changes in pH of the medium. All in one, peat moss is a good growing media for plants, if it contains essential nutrients in reasonable amount.

Cons of the peat moss

The pure peat moss comprising of organic matter that is low in plant essential nutrients. Without the use of the additive peat moss, the fertility of the peat moss is very low.  Due to Acidic in nature Peat moss is good for acid-loving plants.  But if the pH is too low then it can create more problems for the high pH loving plants. As compared to the other growing materials peat moss is more expensive than others.

Perlite

Perlite is the product of volcanic glass. It is a naturally occurring inorganic mineral. It expands on heating like popcorn. Perlite mainly consists of oxides of silicon, aluminum, potassium, iron and calcium. It is loose and high porosity growing media. Perlite is used for other potting mixes. Perlite is densely weighted in its raw shape.

Pros of the perlite

It is the lightweight mix that allows you to work and handle it easily. Perlite has good drainage and good for the xerophytes and mesophytes. Perlite is used to lightening the media. It is a loose medium that improves the porosity and anchorage of the growing mixes. The world’s top perlite producing countries are Turkey, Greece, United States and Japan.

Cons of the perlite

As perlite is natural inorganic material so it has no complete food for the plants. Perlite does not have any essential nutrients for plants. It is only used as potting mixes in different combinations. It is not good for water retention.

Soil

It is the mixture of inorganic salts but it. Soil is composed of three types of particle silt sand and clay. Silt and clay are the fine particles of the soil but sand is coarse. Based on the component, the soil is dividing into these groups. Sandy soils, clayey soils and loamy soil. It becomes good media on some amendments. Some soils have high amount of organic matter or

Pros of the soil

It is a natural medium for plants. It is easily available in any place and very cheap. Soil is the best medium for big plants. On some amendments, soil performs the best function. Organic soils are best for the plant growth.

Cons of the soil

Most of the soils are alkaline and pH is higher. This media is not good for the succulent plants because it becomes very hard on drying and root penetration is not good. Soil is heavy. Most of the soils are have less organic matter.

Most of the soils are not as good as a growing medium. The soil has a heavy amount of salts which increase the pH of the media and not good for most of the plants

Compost

Decomposition and decaying of the organic material of plants into inorganic or simple elements is called composting. Composting is done in the presence of the microorganisms.

The ingredients of the compost are:

Leave, barks, twigs, branches, flowers, root, kitchen waste, straws, hey, a residue of the crops and other organic origin material.

Compost is very useful if you have interested in organic farming. One can also use Farm Yard Manure (FYM) for making the compost. Different ratios of the ingredients are being used for making the compost. Leaf compost is more commonly used and known. One thing that you have to keep in mind before preparing the compost that is: the ratio of the greens and dry. The ratio of the greens and dry for producing an excellent type of compost should be 2:1 and 3:1. Leaf compost is the best and popular media for the raising of seedlings.

Pros of the Compost

Compost is an excellent type of growing media that does not need ant fertilizer. The mixture of compost and soil is the best combination for growing any type of plant. Waste organic material can be use as compost. Compost recovers the health of the soil and plant. Composting is very easy for making. It is a good activity for the child to play. The cost of producing compost is very low

Cons of the Compost

The first and foremost disadvantage of composting is the foul smell. The decaying process creates a bad smell. It creates an unpleasant look to the viewer so installed in less view area of the garden. As the decaying process takes time so it takes a long time for composting. Compost areas may contain insect cockroach and snakes.

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Fruit farming in Pakistan

WHY FRUIT FARMING IN PAKISTAN GAINING POPULARITY

Before going in-depth about fruit farming in Pakistan first, we understand the meaning and definition of the fruit farming

What is fruit farming?

               “Fruit farming is the growing of the fruits for human food”

Pakistan fruit economy

Pakistan is an agro-based country whose agriculture sector contributes 19% to the national gross domestic production (GDP). Horticulture and especially fruit farming (Pomology) has its significant importance in the country. Pakistan is exporting many fruits and its product to the international markets. The share of fruits in export is increasing with the advent of every year. There is a big demand for Pakistani fruit in the international market but instead of increasing the export of the fruit, we are left behind in export because of the poor quality of the produce. Our mango remains out of the stream for many years due to the latex problem. Pakistani mandarin (kinnow) has the best taste in the whole citrus family but we are unable to follow the sanitary and phytosanitary measures.

According to the Government of Pakistan, the area under cultivation of fruits in Pakistan is about 875 000 hectares. The total production of fruits in the country is about 7.2 million tons. However, the average production of fruits per hectare in the country is about 8.23 tons. The average production of fruits in the advanced countries is about 20-25 tons per hectare. These statistics show that the fruit farming industry of Pakistan is lacking behind in production per hectare. However area under the fruit cultivation in Pakistan is quite reasonable. But Pakistan has a great potential to increase its area and average production per hectare in fruit farming.   

Fruit growing areas in Pakistan

Fruit farming is considered to be a profitable sector in Pakistan. Different fruits are growing in different regions of the country. Citrus growing in Central Punjab, Mango in Southern Punjab, Banana in Lower Sindh, Apple in Baluchistan and Grapes in Baluchistan.  Plum is growing in Swat, Quetta, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan.

Climate of Pakistan

The geography of Pakistan is very feasible in concern to fruit farming. Pakistan is blessed with favorable fruit farming conditions. The dry arid region to the moist mountainous region lies under the shade of Pakistan. Different types of climatic conditions at a time found in Pakistan. Pakistan can produce every type of fruit that is growing in the world.

Role of Government

The role of the government should be very positive in making any project successful. Cultivation of the olive in Pakistan is rapidly gaining attention. The government of Punjab is playing a central role in enhancing the area under the cultivation of Olive production. The government is giving 2 million olive plants to the habitant of the Pothwar valley. A land mark initiative of the government of Punjab to convert the arid zone into a high-value olive valley. Government

Importance of fruit farming in Pakistan

Fruit farming is becoming an important industry in Pakistan. Different fruits and vegetables are being exported to different countries. Pakistan is making good revenue from these exports. Besides making the foreign exchange for the country, the fruit industry is a source of employment in the country. The citrus processing industry of Sargodha benefiting the country by creating 250,000 direct employment opportunities for the people.

Major Exported Fruits

Citrus

Pakistan is exporting many horticultural products. Citrus is the top product in the fruit farming industry. The export of the Citrus in years 2020-2021 would cross the worth of 210 million US dollars. The export of the kinnow (Mandarin) is about 350,000 tons as said by the Chairman PFVA (All Pakistan Fruit & vegetable exporters, importers & merchants association). The total production of citrus in Pakistan in the year 2020-21 would be 2.1 million tons. But 75% of the total production of fruit does not fulfill the export requirements. The volume of the citrus industry in the country is about 125 billion rupees.

Mango

The total production of mango in Pakistan is more than 1.5 million tons. During the year 2020, The Mango (The king of the fruits) exports of Pakistan cross 150,000 tons which gain the revenue of 72 Million US Dollar. The biggest importers of mango during this year are Afghanistan, UAE, Iran and Oman.

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LIST OF FRUITS GROWN IN PAKISTAN

LIST OF FRUITS GROWN IN PAKISTAN

Here is a complete list of the 37 fruits which are growing in Pakistan. Nature is blessed in gifting the soil to Pakistan. There are a lot of fruits that are grown in Pakistan. These fruit growing in different parts of Pakistan. You can choose and grow any fruit according to your area and climatic conditions.

37 fruits list growing in Pakistan

  1. Mango
  2. Apple
  3. Citrus
  4. Grapes
  5. Dates
  6. Banana  
  7. Loquat  
  8. Guava  
  9. Strawberries  
  10. Jaman  
  11. Mulberry  
  12. Olive  
  13. Papaya  
  14. Pomegranate  
  15. Fig  
  16. Apricot  
  17. Almond  
  18. Cherry  
  19. Falsa  
  20. Walnut  
  21. Litchi  
  22. Custard
  23. Apple  
  24. Peach  
  25. Pear  
  26. Plum  
  27. Blackberries  
  28. Pine Apple  
  29. Ber  
  30. Amla  
  31. Melon  
  32. WaterMelon  
  33. Chiku  
  34. Coconut
  35. Blueberries
  36. Pistachio
  37. Persimon

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TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING

types of organic farming,

Agriculture is a very diverse type of farming system. There are different types of categories and subcategories depending upon the factor that you are studying. One of the category is the use of natural system or organic system.

What is organic farming?

Organic farming is the subcategory of agricultural farming. In this type of farming, there is no use of synthetic inputs like; chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMO’s). The main concept behind this type of farming is to produce crops and vegetables in natural and sustainable ways. The produce should be eco-friendly (with no harm to the environment) and human friendly (no harmful effect on human life).

According to the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Moments (IFOAM) the definition of organic agriculture is

“Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved.”

TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING

There are different types of the organic farming depending upon the method and nature of input is you using. which are mentioned blew

Pure organic farming

Pure organic farming is the type of organic farming in which we use pure organic origin things. We use organic manure and organic fertilizer instead of synthetic fertilizer. Synthetic pesticide replaced with bio-pesticide to reduce the incidence of the harmful ingredient into the human food

Integrated organic farming System

This type of organic farming vary from pure organic farming due to it involves modern techniques and technologies that make more efficient and easier the work and make more food. The integrated organic farming system involves the use of integrated pest and nutrients management. Integrated organic farming systems do not use inorganic pesticide and chemicals.

Semi organic farming

This type of farming involves organic farming with minimal use of synthetic fertilizer and pesticides. Sometime some pests and diseases are not controlled by the organic pesticide then there is a control use of the inorganic pesticide. Hence this type of organic farming is called semi organic farming.

PQNK-The best type of organic farming system

PQNK (paidar qudarti nizam-e-kashtkari) whose meaning in English is “Sustainable Natural Agriculture System”. This system is developed by Mr. Asif Sharif who is the founder of this system. This system is fully organic with no pesticide and fertilizer, a rising organic system in Pakistan and India. A huge quantity and diversity of farmers use this system because of the very low cost of production. There are fewer requirements for seed and water in this type of system. There is no use of any kind of inputs like; fertilizers either organic or inorganic in nature. PQNK even not use bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticide which are organic. Mr. Asif sharif mentioned in his lecture more focus on these things which are the main principles of the PQNK

  • Leveling of soil
  • Preparation of raised bed
  • Mulching of the beds
  • Use of the precision seeder
  • Irrigation of furrow, not the bed

This system totally depends upon these five principles. This type of organic farming system is very promising in nature as it increases the profitability of farmers and decreases the cost of production. The produce is very high quality and has the potential to export to the world market. PQNK has the potential to replace the current synthetic agricultural system.

METHODS AND TECHNIQUES USE IN ORGANIC FARMING

Crop diversity or polyculture

In this method of organic farming, different types of plants allow growing together, but in the conventional method only one types of plant are allowed to grow on the same land.  Grow more than one type of crop on the same land is called polyculture. Polyculture increases the efficiency of the organic farming system.

Weed management in organic farming

 In the system, weed management can easily be done due to polyculture, tillage operation and mulching techniques of organic farming. Polyculture allows for growing different types of plants and decreasing the growth of the weeds. Tillage operations minimize the germination and growth of the weed plant.  Mulching not allow the weed to grow by covering the soil and avoiding penetration of the light into the soil. Weed management involves the use of the cultural method, biological method, physical method and chemical method without synthetic weedicide.

Mulching

Covering of soil with the organic or inorganic material is called the mulching. Mulching is done to regulate the temperature, suppress the weeds and moisture regulation. There are different types of mulching. Mulching is very good techniques against erosion of the soil.

If you want to read about mulching then click here for full topic of organic mulch.

Compost

It is the use of the rich nutrients organic matter. At garden stage you can add leaf compost but in large scale green manuring is the best option to replace it. Compost is made up of leaf and other organic material.

Green manuring

It is the good method of the restoring the nutrients to the soil. In green manuring crop when it reaches to the full green stage incorporated in the soil. It is the best techniques use in the organic farming to replace the fertilization. It also improves the fertility of the soil.

Crop rotation

It is the methods of the organic farming in which different types of crop are grow according to the different season and ecological zone. Selection of type of crop which have to grown is very essential.  This leads to regulate the nutrient management in organic farming.

Soil management

It is the technique in which soil management is done by providing a favorable condition for microorganisms for the proper functioning of the soil. Different types of microorganisms are used like bacteria and fungi which are use full for the revival of the soil. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are used for fixing nitrogen and fungi degrade the non-available element into available nutrients.

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Importance of mulching

IMPORTANCE OF MULCHING IN AGRICULTURE

by Muhammad Zubair Amin

Most people want to know about the importance of mulching. This article is going to become very informative and interesting due to new ideas about mulching because of innovative ideas about mulch technology. I will teach you how you make your own mulch in your garden. Every person is becoming more curious about mulch technology. Without any further delay, we directly jumped over the Mulch.

What is mulching?

Mulching is the covering of soil with an insulating material. It may be organic or inorganic in nature. Mulching regulates the soil temperature and keeps water available for the soil. It suppresses the growth of weed and inhibiting weed germination.

FUNCTIONS OF MULCHING

  • regulate the soil temperature
  • conserve the water moisture
  • suppress the weed growth

Types of mulching material

There are two types of mulching material used in agriculture farming which are mentioned blew

Organic mulching material

Inorganic mulching material

1.Organic mulching material

Mulching material which is composed of organic material is called organic mulch. There are different kinds of organic mulch like Wheat straw, Rive husk, paper, hay, coconut and organic manure.

Inorganic mulch divides two types of organic mulch.

  • Live Organic Mulch
  • Dead organic mulch

Live organic mulch

Live organic Mulch is composed of the live Plant. In this type, plants are selected whose spreading is more and thick shade and cover the soil completely.

Dead organic mulch

This mulch is composed of the dead organic material i.e. Plant residues like leaf, stem, bark, roots branches, compost and manure.

2.Inorganic mulching

If the material of mulch is not composed of organic material then it is serving as inorganic mulch. Examples of inorganic mulch are stone, gravel and plastic material. Inorganic mulch does not improve the soil properties like organic mulch. Plastic mulch should be removed and replace every year and this increases the cost of the mulch.

IMPORTANCE AND ADVANTAGES OF MULCHING            

There is a lot of importance of mulching. Due to its benefits, one can understand the importance of mulch. Following are the benefits of the mulch.

REGULATION OF WATER

Water is a very important agent in growing fruit trees and vegetables. But the use of the correct amount of water is also very essential. Water can be regularizing with the use of mulch. Mulched soil keeps moisture for a long time and makes it available for the plant. Mulch increases the water retention ability and water holding capacity of the soil. It reduces the evaporation and other leaching and runoff water losses. Mulch reduces the water requirement of the soil and saves a huge quantity of water for being waste.

WEED CONTROLLER 

Weed controlling is a serious problem in gardening. But now you don’t need to worry about this problem. Mulch is very helpful in controlling the weeds of the garden and field. High and thick mulch suppresses the growth of weeds by not allowing light to penetrate the mulch. Even seeds of the weed remain underside of the mulch. In this way, mulch stops the weeds from germinating. With the function of weed controlling in different fruits and vegetables, the importance of mulching is increased.

ORGANIC MATTER ENHANCER

Organic matter is very compulsory for good soil and for good production of the fruit trees and vegetables. Mulch increases the organic matter in the soil. Mulch provides a favorable place for the activity of the microorganisms and earthworms. Microorganisms and earthworms degrade the organic mulch into organic material. Hence organic mulch increases the organic matter of the soil.

 Mulching improves the physical properties of the soil. Compaction of soil can be removed by the use of mulch. If you want to learn about Paradoxical Agriculture then click here.

PREVENTION FROM EXTREME TEMPERATURE

Extreme temperatures like excessive high and low temperatures can cause injury to the plant. It is very important to regulate the temperature of the soil. Mulch regulator the temperature. It prevents the root zone of the plant from becoming very extreme. Mulch act as an insulating material for extreme temperature.

INCREASE THE ROOT GROWTH OF THE PLANT

The plant takes its food in the form of an ion with the help of the roots. Without proper root development, the growth of the plant should be disturbed. Good root development of the plant is very essential for the batter growth and high yield.

 Mulching plays an important role in the growth and development of the plant. It keeps the soil loose and enhances the activity of micro-organisms and earthworms. The earthworm and microorganisms loosen the soil and give favorable conditions for the growth and development of the root of the plant.

CLEAN AND QUALITY HARVEST

Now a day people have more concerned about the quality of the harvest. The quality of the commodity can be improved by using different techniques and methods and mulch is one of them. Mulch improves the quality of the commodities. Direct contact of a commodity with soil decrease the quality of the harvest. By using mulch there is no direct contact of the commodity. This leads to no microbial activity which increases the quality of the harvest.

DECREASE SOIL EROSION

Soil erosion is a serious threat to farming. Most gardeners trying to handle this problem with mulching. Heavy rainfall increases the chances of soil erosion. This problem can be settling by using mulch. Mulch covers the soil and decreases soil erosion. Live green manuring mulch is the best method of reducing soil erosion and increasing the fertility of the soil.

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Strawberries

HOW TO GROW STRAWBERRIES ON PATIO

GROW STRAWBERRIES ON YOUR PATIO

Grow strawberries are difficult but grow on the patio it is harder to grow. People think the patio is only for sitting place but in today’s era, the concept behind the patio is felt a comfortable and focal point of gardening and lawn. Now a day’s people grow such types of plant that attain more attraction and cause a sense of beauty.

Are you wanna grow strawberries for a long time that you can enjoy fresh? This article is going to very helpful to you for growing strawberries on the patio. In this article, I am going to guide you completely that one can grow strawberries on the patio from scratch to end so read this article completely for full information. This is the work of passionate persons who adopt advanced gardening techniques in their garden.

In this article I cover these contents

  1. Why Grow  strawberries on Patio
  2. What Should be the Size of the Patio
  3. Selection of Planting Material
  4. Selection of Potting Material
  5. Watering and Irrigation for strawberries
  6. Fertilizer Management for Strawberry Plant
  7. Diseases and Pest for Strawberries
  8. Insect Pest of Strawberry Plant

 Grow strawberries is difficult but grow on the patio it is harder to grow People think the patio is only for sitting place but in today’s era, the concept behind the patio is to feel the comfortable and focal point of gardening and lawn. Now a day’s people grow such types of plant that attain more attraction and cause a sense of beauty.

Why Grow Strawberries on Patio

Most of the people think this question. Why to grow strawberries on the patio because there are so many places to grow strawberries, so why grow on the patio. Every person has a different situation, some have less space, and some want to make an excellent aesthetic look because the red and green color gives more attraction and also a source of a focal point.

Strawberry plant for patio
Strawberry plant for patio

In Patio gardening, you don’t need to go to the backyard or anywhere in the garden. All the things are under your easy access. 

Strawberries are the best plant for the Patio gardening because it is low height and small volume, having very low biomass, and give a colorful look. One can save strawberries by growing on a patio for different diseases and the management of strawberries is very easy.

What Should be the Size of the Patio

Before planting strawberries it is very essential that what will be the size of your patio. This depends upon the need of your family.

What are the numbers of family members you have?

You have to grow strawberries accordingly. For a medium type of family containing 4-5 family members having 4-5 containers are enough. You can put theses container along the border of the patio for growing strawberries on the patio.

Selection of Planting Material

It is very important to select what type of strawberry you have to grow on your patio there are three types of strawberries plant which are mention here

  1. Day-neutral strawberries
  2. Ever bear strawberries
  3. June bear strawberries

Depending upon your weather and choice you have to select your own. If you want to read more about the selection of planting material of strawberry plant I have read an awesome article click here for that article. 

Selection of Potting Material

Every plant performs best when they have the desirable potting mixes. The Strawberry plant has its desire. Rich organic soils prefer by the strawberry plant.

Potting Mix to grow strawberries on Patio
Strawberry plant for patio

If you have the garden soil, adds an ample quantity of organic matter to make the soil best for strawberry. If you purchase the good potting mix that is also good for patio planting. Soil should be well-drained have not high pH.

Watering and Irrigation

As the Strawberry fruit is very fleshy and full of water content. So strawberry needs more water for its nourishment and fruiting. Too much water can cause root rot so irrigate the medium of strawberry before drying and after soggy condition.

There are so many ways to irrigate the strawberries. You can use sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation, and overhead irrigation.

 Strawberries cover a very small area on the patio so you need to irrigate with the help of a shower or overhead irrigation.  But the problem starts when the strawberry plants bear the fruit then showering and overhead watering leads to the fruit rot. The best method of fruit gearing strawberries plant applies water at the base of the strawberries that have not direct contact with the fruit and leaf of the strawberries.

Things to Consider for Care of Strawberry plant

There are different things that you have to consider while growing strawberries on the patio. A few of them I mention blew

Fertilizer Management for Strawberry Plant

Just like water, fertilizer is also a good maintainer for disease management. Excessive uses of nitrogenous fertilizer not only increase the vegetative growth of the strawberry plant and lead to the insect and disease attack.

Strawberries plant gives more yield when feeds on complete and balanced fertilizer.

A balance fertilizes like 10:10:10 or 15:15:15 or 20:20:20 are the good maintainer for managing the diseases of the strawberries and for good production. For those who want to grow organic strawberries one of my advice use an organic potting mix for the growth of the strawberries and not use this synthetic fertilizer. You can addpeat moss, vermicompost, leaf compost, coco peat, and  Farmyard manure (FYM).

Diseases and Pest

The fungus is a very destructive pathogen of the Strawberries. The remedy of fungus diseases is very essential. As you grow your strawberries on the patio good and healthy strawberries give more attraction. But if your strawberries are infested with the diseases it gives a bad sign for the visitor and can make annoy for the sitting person.

The wise use of water leads to the healthy fruiting of the strawberries and good maintainer for the management of the disease.

These are the common diseases that attack the strawberries

  • Anthracnose Crown Rot
  • Leather Rot
  • Gray Mold
  • Black Root Rot

If you want to study the diseases of strawberries you can click here

Which Insects Attack on Strawberry Plant

As discus earlier managing plants is not only leading good and healthy fruit but it also a question of competency for you. Several insects attack the Strawberry fruits.

These are the common insects that attack the strawberries fruit and plant.

  • Aphid
  • Sap beetle
  • White fly
  • Sugarcane beetle
  • Strawberry bud and root weevil
  • Fruit fly
  • Strawberries Fruit thrips
  • Leaf hopper
  • White grub
  • Two-spotted spider might

Several methods prevent and control the insect pest of the strawberry plants. Chemical pesticide ,cultural practices and the use of biological agents are the most widely used methods for insect pest control.  If you want to read about the control of insect pest you can click here.

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easy to grow vegetable

EASY TO GROW VEGETABLES

 11 BEST NUTRITIVE AND EASY TO GROW VEGETABLES

If you are interested in growing vegetables, you must start growing fresh vegetables. You can use them on favorite foods and dishes and also use them in the salad. A growing vegetable is healthy and saves a lot of money, so everyone tries to grow easy vegetable by utilizing their spare time and make their time valuable.

 Several vegetables can be grown very easily and fast in your garden and gather them in a large quantity. Such vegetables are great to be used in your everyday meal. You can also grow some vegetables at your home.

Here are some of the easy to grow a vegetable list that you can grow with ease in your gardens:

1. Spinach

In the topic of easy to grow vegetables, I am putting spinach in the first place. It has very beautiful leathery shine leaves and gives many harvesting.

Leaf of spinach is full of nutrients like iron, vitamin A, a reasonable amount of ascorbic acid, and riboflavin. it has a small amount of thiamine.

Spinach needs a cold season to grow for batter performance but can be grown in summer when the temperature is not too high. Very high and too low temperatures are destructive for spinach germination and growth.

Spinach needs well fertile soil for growth if your soil is poor in nutrients then add the compost or manure to your soil for best performance of the spinach. It gives a good yield on slightly alkaline soils.

Spinach needs frequent watering and more moisture if you want dense growth and good leaf. Irrigate the plants once in a week. Harvest the spinach when the leaves of the spinach 15-30 cm long. Crop gives first cutting after six weeks.

2. Peas

Pea lies second in the list of easy to grow vegetable due to its less effort. Plant of pea is easy to grow as you can sow its seeds straightly in the ground.

Peas, easy to grow vegetables
Peas vegetable

Pea is a decent human diet, either eaten as a cooked vegetable or in the soup. Cooked green peas are a rich source of protein, a good source of vitamins A, B, and C, and contain a high proportion of minerals.

It is a short season vegetable mostly grow in winter and spring.

Pea is a cool-season vegetable grow best when there is an ample supply of moisture. Pea plant can withstand with frost but flowering and pod formation are damaged by heavy frost. The dry and hot season can seize the growth of the pea plant.

Quality and yield of pea pod considerably lower in the hot and dry climate.

Harvesting starts within 45 to 60 days depending upon the climate and variety. They also require nicely drained soil and raised beds for harvesting it.

When the seeds get sprouted it is then covered with its skin which absorbs the moist which helps in making the size of the plant larger. Peas are also very helpful in maintaining the health of the soil through nitrogen. 

3. Lettuce

Lettuce vegetables can be easily grown in the home garden. It also includes a green vegetable. It is a compulsory part of the salad.  Lettuce planted in rows that serve as a mulch layer protects the soil and preserve the nutrients.

The best temperature for lettuce growth is 12-15 °C. Though the lettuce is sensitive to heat because as the temperature rises the growth of its leaves decreases to some degree, therefore it is best to put the lettuce plant on the area where there is shade.

Lettuce can be grown in all types of soil but sandy loam soil with an adequate quantity of organic matter is good for heavy production. Four weeks of lettuce seedling transplanted 10 inches apart. Lettuce requires more than 50 days to fully grown as it is a cool-season crop.

4. Garlic Is A Nutritive Vegetable

Garlic is an easy to grow culinary vegetable that everyone grows into their home. People grow garlic into pots, ridges, beds and even in flatbeds.

Garlic, a nutritive and easy to grow vegetable
garlic a nutritive and easy to grow vegetable

Garlic lies at no 4 in the list if easy to grow vegetable due to its easy management.

The clove of garlic has a higher nutritive value than other bulb crops it is used to cures for some lingering stomach diseases, sore eyes, and earache. It lessens the level of cholesterol in the blood and is suggested for heart patients. Garlic contains a considerable amount of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin C. It is often said people who use more garlic remain healthier.

Garlic is most probably grown during spring and is best to be grown on the direct sunlight and nicely drained soil. It grows well in rich soils -drained loamy soil is best for planting and bulb formation bulb. Garlic is grown from cloves other than the seeds like the rest of the vegetables.

To plant garlic, you need to keep the plant to plant distance of garlic cloves 3-4 inches and 1-1.5 inches deep inside the soil and water them about at least 1 time each week on the garlic soil. For the harvest, garlic can be harvest at any time. You can be harvested either as green or when the stem is going to dry. The change in the color of the top leaves from green to brown or yellow give signals that the garlic is ready to harvest.

5. Tomatoes

Tomato considers delicious, nutritive, and easy crop to grow. People use tomato in cooking, making ketchup, and salad.

 It is a warm-season crop that needs a relatively extended season to produce profitable yields. It needs 80-120 days from sowing to fruit set, depending on the type. Low temperatures devoid of real freezing prevent fruit setting.

 During heat and drought, small tomato flowers drop quickly due to more transpiration. Fruit setting disturbs when the temperature is too high or too low at pollination.

Comparatively cool nights with temperatures of 15-20°C and warm day temperatures between 25 and 30°C are best for optimum yields. Most tomatoes do not produce fruit when night and day temperatures cross 25° and 35°C, respectively.

Growing tomatoes are best to be started from your vegetable garden during an intense summer climate. It is better to put the tomatoes for harvest when the soil warm as it requires at least 8 hours of consistent sunlight.

Tomatoes are best to be planted on the organic soil, and before planting you can test your soil in terms of the PH value of the soil that should be slightly acidic.

Keep watering your tomatoes plant after it gets dried as it requires a high amount of watering until you see any change in its growth. But also makes sure that you are not over watering it as it can cause fungal on the roots of your plant which would result in damaging it. If you are searching about tomatoes varieties then you can click here

6. Cucumbers

Cucumbers come in the category of coolest vegetables and are optimal to be grown on raised beds. It have different varieties such as slicing and pickling.

Slicing cucumbers have very sensitive skin with soft flesh and are great for eating. Pickling cucumbers have hard skins that are good in preserving are have better protection from the pest.

While planting the cucumbers create a large of space by removing the weeds and bushes through the shovel and add the fertilizer.

Test the soil and its temperature and plant the seeds of the cucumbers when the temperature of the soil reaches up to 70-degree centigrade and water the soil when required.

7. Carrots

Carrots are the most widely grown vegetables and are also widely used in numbers of different meals and salads. This vegetable is also falling in the list of easy to grow vegetables.

Carrot is full of vitamin A contain very healthy nutrients beta-carotene which is very powerful for the eye.

Carrot, Easiest vegetable to grow
Carrot, Easiest vegetable to grow

Carrots are grown best both in the soil with temperature or moisture. They can also be grown on deep sandy and smooth soils with persistent watering. Carrots require 18-inch deep soil on raised beds with 12-inch space between each row.

The color of carrots develops bright at the temperature of 15-20 °C. Spacing can also require some equipment like hoes and short-handled weeder for the cultivation.

8. Green Leaves

Green leaves are very commonly grown by the people in the garden and even at home in the pots as they are almost daily been used in different kinds of food and salads. These green leaves are very easy to grow and it doesn’t take much time to grow even in pots. If you are having any area inside your home where there is sunlight then growing green leaves in the pots is the best for you.

9. Cabbage

Cabbage is very easy to grow and nutritive crop having vitamin A, B1, B2, and C. It has a cooling effect, rises appetite, improve digestion, helps avoid constipation, and is good for diabetics. Cabbage is used for cooking, salad, and pickling.

It is a cool-season crop, grows well in cool, moist climates, and tolerates frost and extreme cold better than cauliflower. In the plains, cabbage can be grown from October to January. In the hills, it is grown as a spring and early summer crop. pH ranges from 5.5 or higher than 6.5. More acidic soils give low yield.

You can grow cabbage in two-steps first you have to raise nursery and then you transplant it into the vegetable beds in a row during late summer when the temperature slightly bearable. While growing cabbage you need to be sure that you are growing

Dig at least 2 inches of the ground in the form of a hole and give a 16 inches space for growing your second cabbage crop and then place the four weeks of cabbage nursery plant. You can grow cabbage from direct seeds. For this purpose put two seed after every 16 inches of space and cover slightly with soil and irrigate them.

 Remember one thing, that to keep your cabbage safe from cabbage worms by using insect killer. It is highly effective against all types of pests and insects, you can use it a day before harvesting your cabbage as it will negatively affect your cabbage plant.

10. Turnip As Effortless Vegetable To Grow

Turnip is a very nutritious vegetable. It is full of vitamins A, B, C. Calcium and Iron found in large quantity.

It is very easy to grow turnip.  Turnips are grown fully in 2 months. They can be planted both in spring and the late summer season, however, some people plant it in early summers.

You need to be ready to set up the seedbeds for harvesting turnips, cultivation is not much necessary but you need to remove some weeds with your hands.

 Providing water in extent amount is necessary for the seeds to germinate completely. For planting the turnip seeds in rows you need to dig the soil 1 to 2 inch deeper and provide 12 to 24 inches between each turnip plant.

For harvesting, also make sure that turnips should be cut sooner when its roots grow within a large size.

11. Radish

Radishes are a preferred vegetable for Home garden. Anyone can grow it easily and ready for use in three to six weeks after sowing.

Radish requires 35 to 45 days to grow completely. It is a cool-season crop and easy to grown on raised beds. It is great to grow the Radishes where there are enough sunlight and moisture with soil completely fertilized.  

Winter radishes are mostly grown between the mid and the late summer but they are grown at a slower rate than the spring radishes and are larger.

BEST THINGS TO PLANT IN GARDEN

Mix vegetable / Salad
vegetable by red hoor

Gardening is a very interesting and enthusiastic hobby when it comes to gardening of valuable plants and vegetables. People from various regions used to plants including fruits and vegetables for their basic needs, using these items in foods and meals. All the crops are grown in rural areas like villages and countryside because there is a huge amount of land available for cropping and gardening. But now this is not the only common part of planting, the citizens also have made this phenomenon of planting common in their cities if they are having the availability of building gardens. There are lots of things we can plant even in gardens on the city side. Planting in a garden and maintaining it requires more effort and energy so people usually plant valuable crops that would fit their needs somehow.

Your garden has more worth when rich crops produce harvesting results. They are of more value that can be helpful if you manipulate your garden in the best way. They can make a source of income if you plant-rich and valuable crops in your garden they will also provide you the food in a variety of ways

BEST VEGETABLES TO PLANT IN GARDEN:

If you have someplace in your home and want to plant vegetables then it’s a very useful idea. As far as nutrition and health is concern vegetables are a great source of health and also take much use in cooking. Following are the best vegetables that can be planted in the garden:

1. Tomato:

Tomato
Tomatoes by red hoor

Tomato is very useful to plant in home gardening. Due to its nutrition value, it has great uses in meals.  Uncooked tomato use into the salad and cooked tomato use in culinary purposes. Most vegetable gardeners give first place to tomatoes in their vegetable garden. It is a summer vegetable but found in the market around the year. In winter it can be grown using vegetable forcing. Tomato can be grown using both methods raised bed and container gardening. Most of the tomatoes require 10-12 weeks to reach up to maturity. Indeterminate varieties of tomato yielding heavy productions round the year. 4-5 plants of tomatoes are enough for daily use for a family.

2. Mint:

Mint is a useful herb that grows easily and doesn’t take much time on its growth. People especially grow mints on pots in their balcony as it becomes safe and can’t be manifest by small animals and the harmful pests. Mint has its beauty when planted in a garden as it can be planted in a row to express its look which is very pleasing for people. Mint is more often required in cooking and it is also very good for the body as it refreshes and provides a cooling effect on it. Most of the people use mint in making mint juice, Mint sauce, and salad. Mint spread beautiful aroma when hand subjected to mint.

3. Spinach:

Spinach also includes Leafy vegetables. When it comes to Spinach many of the people love to eat it due to its dietary fibers that increase stomach activity. It is one of the crops that grow in a cold climate. Spinach sprouts fast and with ease so if you are looking for some spinach to grow then you could directly sow in the garden. For planting the spinach you can sow it in a row on any fertile area for a few weeks until the temperature rises.

4. Lettuce:

Leafy vegetable gives pleasant look when someone enters into the garden. It refreshes one mind. Many people grow different types of lettuce. Lettuce that you are growing good for a tossed salad. The seeds of lettuce are very cheap. Lettuce is a cool weather plant thus it may be planted in early spring or fall. Seedlings of lettuce will truly handle a bit little bit of frost. Lettuce can be planted on raised beds, rows, and in the gardening pot. Seeds of Lettuce directly scattered after watering, after germination lettuce is ready after 4-6 weeks.

5. Green Beans:

Green beans are very tasty if cooked well. Beans are full of minerals and have health benefits. Green beans are very easy to grow. You just need some seed to put these seeds into the soil and give them water. After sometime beans are ready for the harvesting when the pods of beans subjected to semi-hard. If you have support for trailing then you have to limb the beans plant to trailing net for healthy beans pod.

6. Cucumber:

Most people like cucumber due to its cooling effect and use in a salad. Cucumber is very easy for growing. Just you need to sow seeds of cucumber into the soil and give water with an interval of 2-3 days and require trailing for growth. If you have a container then the single seed of cucumber sow into the container or pot. Many people take the production of cucumber around the year with the use of tunnel technology.

BEST FRUITS TO PLANT IN GARDEN

It is considered that fruits are not appropriate and suitable for home gardening as they require a lot of space as well as time to reach its production. But some fruits are fit for planting in the garden as fruits are extremely rich crops. Some fruits require less space and less time to reach maturity. These types of fruit good for Home gardening. Following are the fruits you can plat in your garden:

1. Strawberry:

Strawberries

Strawberry seems rare but you can plant it in your garden. It is a form of a berry and arranged with leaves on the top in a crown shape, having sensitive roots spread up to 6 inches in the soil. Strawberries are highly precious but also require more stamina to look after them. In the subcontinent, strawberry remains in the market in winter to early summer. Strawberries are delicious and tender this is why it has very shelf life. After maturity, you can consume it directly or making juice.

2. Apples:

This fruit are very common in nature as they can be eaten almost in all seasons. Apples have high demand in all areas including cities and rural areas. Planting apples to grow fully requires much time and it is dependable on the root-stock. It would be a vantage point to build a small garden only for apple trees as to increase in their production because apples are the fruits people used to eat daily even for a lunch and apples also having different qualities including Red Apples, Green Apples, and Golden Apples.

3. Lemon:

People are very keen to grow lemon in their home garden.it is an evergreen plant with leathery leave which increase the beauty of the home garden. Lemon is also full of vitamin C, which prevents diseases by increases the Immunity of man. You can grow lemon in full sunlight into your garden. Some varieties of lemon give good production round the year. Lemon has a cooling effect when using it into squashes. In short, lemon is the best plant to grow in the garden.

4. Citrus:

Just like lemon people also grow citrus in their home garden. Citrus has many varieties and each having its different taste. Unlike lemon, citrus gives fruit annually. The size of the citrus plant is larger than the lemon plant. This is why training and pruning of citrus are very compulsory to control the size and direction of citrus. Rainy and spring season are best for citrus growing.

5. Guava:

Guava is a very delicious fruit can be grown on all types of soil. Those soils that are not suitable for cropping, guava can easily grow on those soil. Fruit of guava good for cooling effect, Stomach, skin problem. Guava restores more Vitamin c than any other fruit. One can plant guava either rainy season or in the spring season. Always select the low growing plant of guava only for home gardening. Don’t forget the training and pruning of guava to make a strong structure and control the size of the Guava. Dry and diseased branches should be removed from the plant with the use of Seceature

Gardening tools

LIST OF GARDENING TOOLS

WHAT ARE GARDENING TOOLS

Towards the journey of gardening, it is essential to know about gardening tools names and what is the use of these tools. These tools allow us to manage our garden and also make gardening more effective and interesting. There are different types of gardening tools and equipment that we use in gardening. Here is a complete list of gardening tools such as Garden Shovel, Trimming scissor, Soil Moister Sensor, Hand Trowel, Watering can Rake etc. These are very cooperative for working and while planting flowers or any type of crop in the garden.

Following are the important Gardening tools List

1 Hand Trowel, A Good Gardening Tool:

Hand trowel, gardening tools list
Garden Hand trowel image of gardening tools by red hoor

A hand trowel is used for digging and bedding the plants while planting. It is a very cooperative component in planting and is used in different types of materialistic forms like wood, plastic and metal.

2 Garden Shovel:

Garden shovel are of different sizes and shapes and these tools are made up of steel and wood. These are used for digging in a large scale. You might often saw them being used in construction areas, picking up the cement. But shovels have also been used in the garden for digging. For a garden, they are of different sizes helping in digging out for adding fertilizers.

3 Watering Can:

Watering is the gardening tool which can use for watering the plant. The gardeners also use it for spraying pesticides and other minerals for the better growth of the plants. Watering an also be use for dilution of fertilizer after that which are provided to the plant. There are different types of watering can in the market and gardening tool shop in different shape and material. You can also shop watering can from our store which provide you at reasonable cost.

4 Garden Shears:

This tool is used for trimming the plants such as cutting off the useless branches and dead leaves. Garden shears are very important tools for maintaining the plants. By removing off the unnecessary parts of the plants it would help to increase their growth rate. Garden shears can also be used for trimming out the grasses and removing small bushes of the trees.

5 Wheelbarrow:

Wheel barrow, gardening tool list
Wheel barrow image gardening tools

For picking and transferring a large amount of garden stuff, a wheelbarrow is an important tool. It helps in transferring huge quantity of the soils and fertilizers in the ground that is dug out for planting.

6 Axe:

Axe is one of the most common tools. It is used to take out the small bushes and trees and is very much required while gardening, especially if you have trees in your garden then it helps remove off the unimportant branches of your trees to make some way for the space in your garden.

Axe is also used for chopping out the woods for other uses and purposes. After working with these gardening tools we can easily move towards other advanced tools for our better experiences in gardening. These tools include lopping shears, pruning saw, string trimmer, lawnmower, chipper and many others. These tools help furthermore in gardening. Without tools, gardening would become a very hard job.

7 Gardening Gloves:

You might be thinking that it would be difficult for your hands while gardening and using sharp gardening tools that could make cuts on your skin which could be painful but in this side, gardening gloves will help you out of this difficulty and will cover your hands to protect from cuts and scratches and will keep your hands away from dirt. It would be better if you use gloves made up of fabrics as they have enough resistance from water and are very comfortable and will make your gardening pleasant and painless. 

8 Garden Fork

Garden forks are very important tools, especially for digging the soil. They are easy to handle and work much properly than a spade in some cases. They are useful for digging small area for the small plants and crops it is also helpful for digging out the dead plants. Garden forks are very good for clay soils especially.

9 Pruning Saw

Pruning saw is a very good tool for those branches which are too big and not cut by the pruning shear or scature. A small pruning saw is very handy and easy to operate. Those branches which are hard to prune due to their high position one can cut them by the use of a ladder. Pruning saw is also available in bi or tri-folding. There is a variety of pruning saw in the market. Upon one’s requirement of pruning one can choose pruning saw according to their needs.

If you want to purchase the gardening tool contact with us by clicking here

10 Hoe:

Hoe is a square-shaped blade which you can also be used for gathering and digging the soil. Hoes are simple to use and work more lightly and their sharp blades are very cooperative in removing small bushes and the branches of the plants. Using hoes in fruit and vegetable gardens can also be a vantage point for the gardeners as these make very easy for the gardeners setting up the rows. One can remove weeds from the field by the use of hoe.

11 Watering Wand:

Watering wand an advanced and professional tool for the watering the plants and it is very light and easy to use rather than a watering can. It is good for using on the closed distant plants such as flowers and crops. Watering the seeds under the soil can be more interesting by using a watering wand.

By clicking here you can read more about the gardening tools